Information & Oriental Rug Information
Questions? Call (949) 306-9429
Q. Do our Oriental and Persian Rugs
come with a Certificate of Authenticity?
A. Yes, all our Oriental and Persian rugs come with a free certificate of
authenticity upon request.
Q. Do we buy customers antique rugs?
A. Yes, we do buy customers’ antique rugs.
Q. Do we do Oriental and Persian rug appraisals?
A. Yes, for a fee. Please call for an estimate.
Q. Do we sell under padding?
A. Yes, we sell under padding.
Q. Do we take rugs on consignment?
A. Yes, we do take rugs on consignment.
Q. Do you repair and restore rugs?
A. Yes. A professional restoration can solve almost any problem with a
quality Oriental or Persian rug. Old and antique rugs sometimes need to be
rewoven where worn and restored to life. Newer rugs rarely need repair. An
experienced professional must always be consulted in these matters. Please
call us and we will give you an estimate on the restoration and repair
Q. How are flat weave rugs constructed?
A. Flat Weave rugs are constructed by tightly interweaving the warp and
weft strands to create a flat, pile-less surface. The design is produced
by threading the weft strands through a number of the warp strands, rather
than directly from edge to edge, then looping them back around the last
warp thread used. Each section of the overall design is woven separately,
and when one part of the pattern is completed a new, usually
different-colored weft thread is inserted at the point where the last one
finished. As with hand-knotted rugs, flat weave rugs are extremely durable
and can withstand high amounts of traffic.
Q. How are hand-knotted rugs constructed?
A. In Oriental and Persian rugs the pile is created by tying a short
length of yarn around two adjacent warp strands so that the ends of the
yarn protrude upwards to form the surface, which is called the pile of the
rug. This process is referred to as knotting, because when the weft and
warp strands are beaten together to hold the yarn in place, a securely
tied knot is formed. In Oriental and Persian rugs, every knot is tied by
hand, and a skilled weaver can tie something in the region of a thousand
knots per hour.
Q. How are tufted rugs constructed?
A. Tufted rugs are constructed by a technique called tufting. Tufting
involves inserting the pile through a cloth canvas or duck backing with
the aid of a tufting gun. The back is then coated with latex and is
normally covered with a piece of cloth. Tufted rugs take considerably less
time to make than hand-knotted rugs because a tufting tool is used; this
reduction in construction time is reflected in the price of the tufted
rugs compared to a hand-knotted rug. But, this does not necessarily mean
that a tufted rug is inferior to a hand knotted rug. A tufted rug can have
comparable or even better quality wools and dyes and be priced lower
simply because of the reduced construction and labor costs devoted to its
Q. How can you identify a Handmade Rug from a
Machine Made Rug?
A. Quick Check
Knott: Flip over the rug. If it’s a handmade rug the loops will be clearly
Fringe: Look at the fringe. If it’s sewn on it is most likely a machine
made rug. Handmade rugs have their fringe going down the foundation of the
Flexibility: Handmade rugs can be folded and will not crack. Most machine
made rugs will crack.
Q. How do I determine the area rug size I need?
A. When measuring your space you want to take into consideration the
relation of your furniture to the rug when determining the amount of floor
you want to cover. Once you have measured the amount of space that you
wish to cover the best method is to look at the standard sizes of handmade
Oriental and Persian rugs and see which standard size fits the closest.
Take into consideration that handmade rugs can be a few inches longer or
shorter since they are not made by machine processes.
Q. How do you determine Knot Density?
A. Knot Density is determined by measuring one square inch vertically and
counting the amount of knots, then measuring one square inch horizontally
and doing the same. Multiplying the two knot counts together results in
the amount of knots in one square inch.
Q. How is leather used in area rugs?
A. Leather can be used in combination with wool or it can be used
exclusively in the rug. Leather rugs can be used to set a modern as well
as traditional tone to any décor.
Q. How is silk used in Oriental & Persian rugs?
A. The beauty of a Silk Persian and Oriental rug is unsurpassed. A silk
Oriental or Persian rug is most often used as a decorative, rather than
functional example of textile art, and is sometimes used as wall hangings.
Silk is also used as a foundation material; it is extremely strong, keeps
it shape, and can be spun into very fine strands, but because of the cost
it is only used when exceptionally fine knotting is required.
Q. How long do handmade rugs last?
A. Due to the high quality materials used, such as Persian rug wools, and
tough weaving techniques, handmade rugs can last many generations. The
oldest rug ever discovered was the Pazyryk rug, which showed a mixture of
Assyrian, Achaemenian (ancient Persian Empire), and Scythian motifs, and
it is believed by some to be of Persian origin.
Q. How often do you have to rotate your Oriental or
A. To insure even wear, your rug should be rotated once a year. Depending
on the traffic, the rotation may vary from six months to two years.
Q. How often do you have to vacuum your Persian or
A. Persian and Oriental rugs, like most rugs, should be vacuumed on
a regular basis to remove dirt and restore life to the fiber. Be sure not
to vacuum the fringe.
Q. How often is a professional cleaning recommended?
A. Your trusted professional Persian or Oriental rug cleaners will insure
a skilled cleaning that brings out the richness of color and softness of
the wool. Depending on the amount of traffic, a professional washing is
recommended every three to six years for the cleaning of your Persian and
Q. How old does a rug have to be to be considered
antique, and how do you determine if it is antique?
A. The definition of antique with Persian or Oriental rugs begins with
rugs that are approximately 100 years old. Establishing when a Persian or
Oriental rug was made is achieved by carefully examining its structure and
design, which usually change to some degree with time, and taking into
account its general condition and appearance. Dating a rug from its weave
and design require extensive specialist knowledge and can only be
undertaken by an expert.
Q. Is one country better than another in rug making?
A. I would first like to talk about address your question posed about only
buying wool Persian Rugs. Every county has high quality as well as low
quality rugs. You may ask how can you tell the difference between the
qualities and why does my friend suggest only hand knotted Persian rugs.
To determine quality you must look at the construction as well as the
quality of the materials. The construction of the hand knotted rug is
usually determined by the density of the knots. The higher the density of
knots per square inch the better the construction. The quality is
determined by the grade of wool used and the dyes used. The high grade
wool is usually only sheered once a year during spring time allowing the
oils to saturate the wool giving the wool a beautiful sheen compared to
wool that is sheered many times during the year which doesn’t have the
same sheen and luster. The dyes should also be vegetable dyes which are
renowned for their longevity as well as beauty. Chromic as well as
chemical dyes are not recommended because they do not last anywhere as
close to vegetable dyes. The reason that your friend suggests Persian rugs
is because in the Middle East there is a long history of rug weaving that
dates back thousands of years using the top quality materials. But since
Persian rugs usually come in traditional color schemes such as reds,
blues, and navy other countries such as Pakistan have begun producing hand
knotted rugs about 20 years ago of similar quality and construction to
Persian rugs, but in the color schemes demanded by the USA market such as
the (Brown, Gold, Ivory, ect). Therefore these hand knotted rugs have
taken over the USA rug market because they are of utmost quality and the
color schemes match the homes of the USA.
Q. Is under padding necessary?
A. A quality pad used under your rug helps protect it from dirt, wear and
slippage. We will be happy to provide you with the correct padding.
Q. What are the standard sizes for rugs?
A. Standard Sizes:
2 x 3
2 x 4
3 x 5
4 x 6
5 x 7
5 x 8
6 x 9
7 x 10
8 x 10
8 x 11
9 x 12
10 x 13
10 x 14
Q. What colors should be in my oriental rug?
A. When choosing the colors of your handmade rug the optimal method of
décor is to choose the handmade rug first since it is one of a kind and
echo the colors in your home décor. But, this is seldom the case so
therefore when choosing the colors in your handmade rug the best method is
to look at samples from your cushions, paint, wallpaper, bedspread, and
curtains and to pick and choose the colors that you want to be echoed in
Q. What is Knot Density and what does it mean?
A. Fineness of the knotting refers to the number of knots that have been
tied per square inch of pile. The higher the number of knots, the finer
the weave. There are no hard and fast rules determining the exact
knot-count required to justify a rug being referred to as fine or finely
knotted, but anything over 150 knots per square inch can be considered
medium grade (reasonably finely knotted) and anything over 250 or 300
would generally be acknowledged as top grade (fine). A high knot-count is
necessary to produce extremely intricate designs and the more intricate
the design, the more knots needed to ensure its success. This is
particularly true when articulating curved or flowing forms.
Q. What is the benefit of incorporating wool with
A. Silk is used either on its own or in combination with wool by a number
of individual weaving groups in all major rug making countries. Wool and
silk rugs have the perfect combination of beauty and durability. The wool
is used in the pile of the rug allowing it to be extremely durable and the
silk is used to outline and accent the beautiful patterns within the rug.
Q. What is the difference between a handmade vs
A. As mentioned earlier, there are many machine made replicas of Persian
and Oriental rugs on the market today. So you may ask why buy a handmade
rug? The simple answer is quality and aesthetic beauty. But, let’s get
into some detail
• Machine made rugs do not nearly have the durability as a handmade
Persian or Oriental rug, which can last many generations. The reason for
this durability is that handmade rugs are made of natural occurring
organic materials such as silk, natural wools, and vegetable dyes. Each
handmade rug has individual knots that have been integrated into the loom
(the foundation of the rug) ensuring that it will not shed with usage.
Unlike machine made rugs that use synthetic material and chemical dyes
that will fade and deteriorate with age.
• Handmade rugs are one of a kind and there are no two pieces exactly
alike compared to a machine made rug that comes off an assembly line.
• The beauty of a handmade rug cannot be replicated by machine made
processes. This ancient art of creating a handmade rug has been perfected
over the years. Special secrete dying recipes and designs have been passed
from generation to generation.
• Handmade rugs are used as investments since their value appreciates with
age unlike a machine made rug that depreciates in value with age.
• Handmade rugs have a history and origin dating back thousands of years.
Q. What qualifies a rug as an authentic Persian &
A. On the market today there are several machine made rugs that mimic the
designs of Persian and Oriental rugs, but lack the quality, durability,
workmanship and aesthetic beauty of a genuine Persian or Oriental handmade
rug. Genuine Persian and Oriental rugs take several years to create by
master weavers that have been perfecting the art throughout the
generations. To qualify as an authentic handmade Persian or Oriental rug
the rug must meet the following requirements:
• Must be hand woven
• Must of Originated from one of the following regions: Persia (Iran),
China, Afghanistan, Turkey, Tibet, Nepal, Egypt, India, Pakistan.
• Design and Composition follows ancestral patterns.
Q. What type of wool is the best?
A. The best and most widely used rug making material. It is soft, durable
and easy to work. However, the quality varies considerably and not all
wool is suitable for rug making. Good rug wool needs to combine softness
with strength and springiness, otherwise the rug wears out quickly and
fails to return to its original shape if creased or depressed. Only
certain types of wool posses the qualities required; the best comes from
lambs between 8 and 14 months old, particularly those from colder high
regions. Some rugs are prefixed by the word Kurd which indicates that the
rug was made from wool taken from the flanks and shoulders (where the
fibers are the longest) of lambs reared in the winter and clipped in the
spring. Kurd wool is generally considered to be among the very best
Q. Where are the rugs made?
A. There are ten different countries that produce Persian & Oriental rugs.
They included Afghanistan, China, Egypt, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Persia,
Romania, Tibet, & Turkey.
Q. Where to Buy your Handmade Rug?
A. Initially prior to the emergence of the Internet, rugs where
exclusively sold within furniture stores and individual retailers. The
retail experience allows one to touch and feel the rugs they are
interested in and make an immediate purchase. But, the effort involved in
visiting these stores and selecting the right rug takes time and money.
Online shopping on the other hand has made it extremely convenient to
purchase a luxury handmade rug. We at OrientalPersianRug.com are
revolutionizing the rug buying experience by giving our customers the
convenience of internet shopping with the ability to see the rugs first
hand. One can visit our website and choose the rugs that they are
interested in and we will bring them to your home so that you can see the
rugs with your existing décor. Also, if you don’t live in the vicinity of
our in home appointments we back all our rugs with a 90 day guarantee so
that you will find the perfect rug for your home.
Q. Who produces the dyes used to color the rugs?
A. One-of-a-kind rug colors are produced by master dyers which are
extremely important and mysterious in rug making. In nomadic and village
cultures, the master dyer often acts as the tribal wise man, whose advice
is sought on a whole range of subjects that have nothing to do with making
rugs. Dyeing is considered a science, whose secrets are passed down from
generation to generation, and only naturally occurring materials are used
in creating these dyes.